Diabetes is one of the most important non-communicable diseases that threaten global human health today
Diabetes is one of the most important non-communicable diseases that threaten global human health today, according to the International Diabetes Federation. In 2010, the number of diabetic patients worldwide reached 300 million, 80% of which were in developing countries. It is expected that there will be 550 million diabetic patients worldwide in 2030. The incidence of diabetes cannot be ignored. The prevalence of diabetes has increased significantly in the past 30 years. The National Nutrition Survey Report also conducted diabetes and epidemiological surveys. The urban population over 18 years old, the prevalence of diabetes was 4.5%, and that of rural areas was 1.8%. From 2007 to 2008, the Diabetes Branch of the Chinese Medical Association was 14 in the country. Provinces and cities, using China’s current diagnostic criteria for diabetes, conducted diabetes epidemiological survey results show that the prevalence of diabetes in China over 20 years old is about 9.7%, and the total number of adult diabetes patients is 92.4 million, including about 43.1 million in rural areas. The city is about 49.3 million. In 2010, another nationwide development, using the diagnostic criteria of the American Diabetes Association Branch, utilization, blood sugar, sugar The combined diagnosis of hemoglobin diabetes, the epidemiological survey results show that the prevalence of diabetes in adults in China is 11.6%, once again confirmed that China may have become the country with the largest number of diabetes in the world.
So modern Chinese suffer from diabetes What is the reason for this strength?
A reason for a family
It’s undeniable that under the same external conditions, certain people in the world are prone to diabetes. The United States is a multi-ethnic country. They have long found that Asian Americans have a higher prevalence of diabetes than white Americans. For example, about half of the Pima Indians older than forty have diabetes, and domestic studies show us The probability of developing diabetes in some of the 56 ethnic groups is much higher than that of the Han people living in the same area, so racial differences cannot be avoided.
We know that the most basic characteristics of a living being are determined by genes, but the common genes can have different expressions. The different manifestations of genes are the environmental influences of the organisms, and can be passed on to the offspring. The nature of the genes changes, but the expressions are different, and the differences are inherited. This phenomenon is called epigenetics. Now the study finds that when an individual has experienced severe malnutrition in a child or even a mother, the body may have an active memory of this lack of energy, allowing the body to store energy and reduce the consumption of genes that are super-powerful, timely. Eating and drinking after entering an adult can not change the activity of this gene expression, so the longer the person gets fatter, the more likely the diabetes is. The more troublesome things can be inherited, which explains partly why some Family fat people are in pairs.
That is, we often say that modern people generally eat more, stress and less movement, which is a rapid economic development. The harm brought to us is extremely rich in material resources, but the way of life is still in the “difficult period”. The concept of health is far behind. The natural damage is our body, and many metabolic-related chronic diseases represented by diabetes. It must have grown rapidly. This history has long been suggested. There is a small island country in the Pacific Ocean – Nauru. The residents have been living a difficult life for centuries, but in the middle of the 20th century, because the country has The rich natural wealth of the island is mined, the night is rich, the nationals live, eat and drink, and do nothing. After decades, 97% of the adult males and 93% of the females are overweight and obese, and the average life expectancy of the people. Only 50 years old, the current Chinese society, some repeat the story, high sugar, high fat and high salt is a trace of Chinese diet, our calorie intake must be seriously exceeded, as a traditional agricultural country The ancestors were doing the sunrise, and they worked hard at the end of the day. The modern people are going out to take the car and go upstairs to the elevator. The amount of exercise is very small, and the modern society has a fast pace and high intensity, which brings great mental stress to everyone. The sedentary approach also exacerbates the development of diabetes. In short, these internal and external causes are ultimately prevalent in modern Chinese society. As long as we strive to achieve a healthy lifestyle, it is possible to prevent it from happening.
However, due to the limited medical resources, it is difficult for specialists to have time to go deep into the patient’s outpatient clinic and answer questions about diabetes in all aspects. Diabetes is a chronic, lifelong disease. It is precisely because patients fully understand their condition and treatment plan, and fully participate in the treatment of the disease, so that they can get good control effects. Therefore, self-learning is also a need for sugar friends to participate. ,
Learning diabetes treatment methods, patients can understand why some people need insulin, some need oral medication, and some patients do not even need any drugs, just a lifestyle, learn basic The blood glucose monitoring method not only allows the patient to learn to understand the condition, but also helps the patient to find out a certain life law. At the same time, the self-glycemic monitoring of the diabetic patient can provide the doctor with very important information to guide the treatment plan.