What are the complications of diabetes?

High blood sugar status is the root cause of many complications

What are the complications of diabetes?

High blood sugar is equivalent to immersing blood vessels in high-concentration sugar water, and the blood vessels are gradually damaged. At first, it hurts the weaker small blood vessels, and in the later stage, it spreads to the large blood vessels.

The dense blood vessels form the vascular system of the human body, transporting oxygen and nutrients, and once injured, they also involve the relevant organs.

 What are the complications of diabetes?

The three most common complications of diabetes:

diabetic retinopathy,

diabetic nephropathy

and diabetic neuropathy.

1. Diabetic retinopathy. The retina has many small blood vessels connected to it. Usually, diabetic retinopathy begins with a slight deterioration of these small blood vessels. The blood vessel wall is damaged and the fluid begins to ooze from the blood vessels to the surrounding retinal tissue, forming a “eye fundus hemorrhage.” At this time, if no treatment is taken, the scar tissue may form quietly around the retina, eventually separating the retina from the back of the eye (retinal exfoliation), and even permanent blindness may occur. The incidence of diabetic retinopathy is very high. Peking Union Medical College Hospital reported 1000 cases of diabetes in 1980, of which 63.5% were diabetic retinopathy. Statistics show that the incidence of diabetes is 25% within 10 years, 60% within 10 years and 20 years, and the incidence rate of diseases over 20 years is as high as 70%. With diabetic retinopathy, the worst result is blindness. With the increase of the incidence of diabetes, diabetic retinopathy has become the main cause of blindness in the 20-65-year-old labor group. Every year, 300 to 4 million people worldwide are blind, and the blindness rate is 10 to 25 times higher than that of non-diabetics.

 What are the complications of diabetes?

Preventing retinopathy, regular checkups are key. Diabetes may be a complication in the eye, a cataract that causes blurring of the lens, and glaucoma that raises the pressure of the eye and has a risk of blindness.

 What are the complications of diabetes?

What are the complications of diabetes?

2. Diabetic nephropathy, a kidney lesion is essentially a collection of tiny blood vessels. By the same token, when these tiny blood vessels are damaged, it will affect the kidneys and eventually cause kidney failure and uremia. When the kidneys are inflamed or tumorous, they often only occur on one side of the kidney. The effect of hyperglycemia on both kidneys is equal. Therefore, when diabetic nephropathy occurs, the kidneys on the left and right sides will suffer at the same time. In the United States, diabetes is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease, and diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of renal failure, about 38%. In Japan, diabetic nephropathy is an important cause of dialysis, accounting for about 30% of dialysis patients. Renal failure is one of the most serious causes of diabetes complications. After all, blindness and diabetes are not enough to die.

 What are the complications of diabetes?

What are the complications of diabetes?

What are the complications of diabetes?

3. Diabetes Neuropathy first appeared and affected the hyperglycemia state of patients with systemic diabetes. Glucose could not be used normally. It not only damaged the blood vessels that nerve cells transport nutrients, but also excess glucose was converted into sorbitol and stored in nerve cells, affecting normal nerves. Conductive function, which in turn causes diabetic neuropathy. Note the foot in the picture above, marked with the words “bad sputum” (diabetic foot, sugar foot).

 What are the complications of diabetes?

This is the state of wound suppuration, ulceration, and tissue necrosis. When a healthy person’s foot is injured, the peripheral nerve can sense the pain, so the injured foot will be especially taken care of and take appropriate treatment. When diabetic neuropathy occurs, because the peripheral nerves are slow to perceive pain, the patient does not care about this “small injury” and affects wound recovery. On the other hand, the resistance of diabetic patients is weak, and the wounds are prone to cause bacteria to multiply, making the wounds worse. Don’t look at just a little bit of a small wound that may eventually develop into a gangrene. (diabetic foot sugar)

What are the complications of diabetes?

The three major complications, mostly It happens with the progress of diabetes. In general, hyperglycemia for 5 years may cause diabetic neuropathy, which may cause diabetic retinopathy in 10 years, and diabetic nephropathy may occur in 15 years. These complications have not caused significant discomfort at the beginning. Only need to adjust the lifestyle, control the diet, moderate exercise, follow the doctor’s advice to control the life without complications. Once the disease develops to a certain extent, it is also effective to repair the disease. At this time, proper treatment and lifestyle adjustment for the complications can still control the direction of the disease. If you still have no scruples at this time, if you don’t seek medical treatment in time, you will be taken by yourself.