I must admit that I first heard about lectins a few months ago and it was a little confused since I had heard about the Leptin hormone many years ago and I probably thought it was a confused wrong correction.
Well, I was wrong
In fact, lectins are not actually a hormone, but they are a protein that is in some beans and legumes and seeds that work as their protector. I can imagine that for trees to have squirrels around the seeds would require some kind of protection from small predators, but I had no idea that this could also apply to humans.
The fact is that the Victims are everywhere and they are nice for you in small quantities but in larger amounts, not so well. Lectins are believed to play a role in immune function, cell growth, cell death and body fat regulation.
Where are lectins found?
Lectins are mainly found in raw legumes and seeds and are usually found in the part of the seed that becomes the leaf when the plant grows, that is cotyledon, but also in the seed layer. They are also found in dairy products and what is called sprouts.
The richest and most abundant sources are those that would be most worried. These are beans, soy, wheat, peanuts and potatoes.
Lectins in plants are a defense against microorganisms, parasites and insects. They may also have evolved as a way to keep the seeds intact as they passed through the digestive systems of the animals for later dispersal. Lectins are resistant to human digestion and enter the blood unchanged.
What's the problem with too many lectins?
As I mentioned earlier, Lectin in small amounts is very good for you. The problem is that a larger amount of lectin will affect the absorption of nutrients from food and can actually irritate the wall of your bowel. In fact, some people have such a bad reaction to lectins that they will have a stomach annoyed and will actually recover from their food.
There are also links between lectins and inflammation and arthritis as well as some other diseases. Meet!
Crohn's disease or irritable bowel syndrome are diseases where stomach lining and intestinal walls are irritated that make the digestion both incomplete and very difficult, I really feel for these people and the stomach problems that live everyday . For these sufferers it appears that the lining of the intestine is even more sensitive to lectins
The great thing about Lectins is that it's pretty easy to avoid if you're not at all careful. And I'm not talking about some crazy diet or weird new foods. Just right preparation.
Cooking foods will reduce lectin levels. For example, with red beans there is a lectin called Phytohaemagglutinin, the supposed toxic factor, found in many kinds of beans, but is found in a higher concentration in red beans. The toxin unit is the haemagglutination unit (hau). Raw beans contain from 20,000 to 70,000 hau, while fully cooked beans contain from 200 to 400 hau. White beans, also known as cannellini beans, contain about one-third of the amount of toxin as a red variety. the grains contain 5% to 10% of the amount containing red beans.
There are studies that seem to indicate that a slow kitchen will not be enough to destroy lectins, so I better find a better way for my chili recipe.
The soybeans mentioned earlier they also have their issues Lectin are simply determined by their cooking.
The granules also contain a type of Lectins, that although lower, it could be a real problem, since we all tend to eat a lot of cereal-based food. Lectins are mainly destroyed by heating and cooking.
Potatoes, tomatoes are also higher in lectins as it is a Nightshade Vegetable. Lectins in both do not decrease with cooking but are not associated with any kind of stomach discomfort. There is a possibility for lectins in tomatoes and potatoes to cross the barrier into the gut. blood and may be a cause of inflammation.
Peanut lectons are also impervious to heat. The good thing is that there are not enough leeks in peanuts
So the real diet for all of us is really to remember to brew beans meticulously and not to eat an abundance of tomatoes, potatoes or peanuts, although moderately does not seem to have much trouble with any of these three.