This was a very small study, but unlike many other "breakfast"studies, specifically mornings, and more to the point, are not over-processed carbohydrate bowls but rather high protein choices with a distribution of 340 calories consisting of 30g of protein, 36g of carbohydrates and 9g of fat.
What the authors were interested in were the differences, in the same people, with a high-protein breakfast against morning's prevention (lunch at noon), hunger, fullness, desire for food, future food consumption (PFC) , functional food magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) cerebral phobias (fMRI), ad libitum evening food intake, sleep and sleep quality.
Participants were healthy young men and women without obesity and each arm of the experiment lasted for 7 days with a period of 3 days of flushing in between.
The results saw breakfast eaters seeing their hunger, their desire to eat, PFCs and ghrelin levels declining in the morning days against daybreaks, while fullness and related hormones are increasing.
What was not different, however, was total energy consumption, despite the fact that when they ate breakfast, participants consumed an average of 30% less evening snacks with carbohydrates. There was also no real effect on sleep or sleep patterns.
What was great in this study was that it was not just looking at the next meal, but rather the effect of breakfast on whole days, which my clinical experience has been screaming for years was necessary. That said, at least in this short study, it does not seem to matter, at least not to the total daily intake of energy.
Does that mean you should not miss breakfast? Not exactly, but it shows that eating high protein breakfast, although it will not make you eat less calories, can let you feel fuller and reduce your evening meal.
And once again, the answer is personal and not very complicated. If breakfast helps you eat less, eat better or feel better, then yes, you should eat it and if you do not, do not do it.