Options for menopause treatment

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT): HRT replaces hormones that the woman's body no longer does. The most important hormone used to reduce menopausal symptoms is estrogen, but taking estrogen only may increase the risk of a woman developing endometrial cancer (cancer of the uterine lining). This is not a problem for women who had a hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus), but in women who still have a uterine estrogen, it is usually combined with another hormone, progestin, to reduce the risk of endometrial cancer. But even the combined HRT can have serious side effects and the decision on whether to follow this treatment is every woman she has to do for herself after discussing her with her doctor.

Diphosphonates: These medicines are used to help prevent and treat osteoporosis that can result from decreased hormone levels. While not as effective as estrogen, they are not hormonal and therefore do not present the same risks as HRT. However, it is important to remember that each drug carries some risk.

Options for menopause treatment

Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs):

These drugs have some of the benefits of estrogen, including improving bone strength without any risk of estrogen. However, SERMs tend to cause more hot flashes and may increase the risk of gallstones or blood clots.

Supplemental and Alternative Therapies (CAM):

Options for menopause treatment

Options for menopause treatment

Some women who go through menopause can find relief from their symptoms from CAM treatments, including nutritional and herbal supplements, acupuncture, chiropractic therapy, massage therapy, biofeedback, homeopathy and neuropathy. It is important to remember that all complementary and alternative therapies have not been scientifically studied and that some may have negative effects on other conditions you may have. Before you decide to try one of these treatments, discuss it with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure that what you are planning is safe for you.

Helping yourself

In addition to taking medication, there are ways to reduce your symptoms.

To relax the hot flashes:

Dress in layers so you can remove some clothes when you start feeling warm.

Avoid foods and drinks that are known to cause hot lamps such as alcohol, caffeine, spicy foods and sugar.
Practical stress management techniques.
Exercise to improve your traffic.

To reduce the dryness of the vagina

Ask your pharmacist to recommend vaginal lubricant.

If products that are not available on the internet do not work, contact your doctor about the prescription products available.

To reduce the risk of osteoporosis

Menopause treatment options should also target osteoporosis due to the reasons outlined above. They are really connected and here are some things you can see to help.

  • Get enough calcium and vitamin D. If you are not sure that you are taking enough of these nutrients from the foods you eat, ask your pharmacist for supplements.
  • Exercise regularly. (such as walking) are the best for bone strengthening.
  • Ask your doctor if you have to do a bone density test.
  • To reduce the risk of heart disease:
  • Improve your blood pressure and cholesterol levels regularly.
  • Eat a nutritious, heart-healthy diet that is low in saturated and trans fats and high in fiber.
  • Be active. Check with your doctor before starting any new exercise program to make sure that the activity you have selected is appropriate for your overall physical condition.

If you have any questions about menopause treatment options or ways you can reduce symptoms and reduce the risk of developing heart disease or osteoporosis, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Menopause treatment options first appeared in lifestyle counseling tips.