On August 30th, the Ministry of Education and the National Health and Health Commission and other eight departments formulated the “Implementation Plan for the Prevention and Control of Children and Adolescents’ Myopia”. For example, to ensure that primary school students sleep for 10 hours a day, it is strictly forbidden for students to bring electronic products such as mobile phones into the classroom, and to control the number of online games that are newly added to online games. The program lists a series of hard measures for “eye protection” for children and teenagers.
These hard The goal is to achieve!
——The high school students’ myopia rate will drop below 70% by 2030
The plan proposes to achieve national children by 2023. The overall myopia rate of adolescents is reduced by more than 0.5 percentage points per year on the basis of 2018, and the provinces with high incidence of myopia are reduced by more than 1 percentage per year.
Under 2030, the incidence of new-onset myopia among children and adolescents nationwide will be significantly reduced. The overall level of visual health of children and adolescents will be significantly improved. The myopia rate of 6-year-old children will be controlled at around 3%, and the myopia rate of primary school students will drop to below 38%. The myopia rate of junior high school students fell below 60%. The high school students’ myopia rate dropped below 70%, and the national students’ physical fitness standards reached 25%.
These hard measures are to be executed!
——Children are exposed to outdoor natural light for more than 60 minutes at home
Scenario requirements, to create a good family sports atmosphere, and actively guide children to outdoor activities or physical exercise, so that they can touch the outdoor natural light every day for more than 60 minutes at home.
Encourage support for children to participate in various forms of sports activities, and urge children to seriously complete the winter and summer sports activities, so that they can master 1-2 sports skills and guide them to develop lifelong exercise habits.
——The use of non-learning electronic products should not exceed one hour per day
The program reminds parents to control the use of electronic products and consciously control children, especially school age. For former children, they should use electronic products. For non-learning purposes, the use of electronic products should not exceed 15 minutes, and should not exceed 1 hour per day. After learning for 30-40 minutes using electronic products, you should take a break and relax for 10 minutes. The younger the age, the more continuous The time spent using electronic products should be shorter.
——Ensure that primary school students sleep 10 hours a day
The program requires parents to supervise and correct their bad reading and writing postures at any time. Time should not exceed 40 minutes.
Parents cooperate with the school to effectively reduce the burden on children, do not blindly participate in extracurricular training, follow the wind to report, should be based on children’s interests and hobbies, to avoid school burden reduction, family burden.
Ensure your child’s sleep time and ensure that primary school students sleep 10 hours a day, 9 hours for junior high school students, and 8 hours for high school students.
——The first and second grades of primary school are not allowed to make homework
The program requires that the school should reduce the student’s academic burden. No written homework is arranged in the first and second grades of primary school. The completion time of written homework in the third to sixth grades shall not exceed 60 minutes, the junior high school shall not exceed 90 minutes, and the working hours shall be arranged reasonably in the high school stage. Strengthen practical homework, reduce mechanical and repetitive training, and prevent students from becoming homework.
——The first and second grade exams per semester shall not exceed 1 and the other grades shall not exceed 2 times.
The program stipulates that the compulsory education phase shall be resolutely controlled. The number of times in the first and second grades of primary school shall not exceed one per semester, and the other grades shall not exceed two times per semester. It is strictly forbidden to publish student test scores and rankings in any form or manner; it is strictly forbidden to use various competition award certificates, academic competition results or test certificate as the basis for enrollment; it is strictly forbidden to organize examinations and select students in various names.
——Adjust monthly seat adjustment according to student’s vision changes.
Schedule requirements, speed up the elimination of “large class” phenomenon. School classroom lighting standards meet the standard rate of 100%. According to the student’s seat angle, classroom lighting conditions and changes in students’ visual acuity, the student’s seat is adjusted monthly, and the height of the student’s desk and chair is individually adjusted every semester to adapt to the students’ growth and development.
——Sports activities for more than one hour per day for primary and secondary school students
According to the plan, ensure that primary and secondary school students are in school More than 1 hour of physical activity per day. Strictly implement the national sports and health curriculum standards to ensure that the first and second grades of primary school are 4 lessons per week, 3 to 6 grades and 3 minutes per week for junior high school, and 2 lessons per week for high school. The primary and secondary schools arrange 30 minutes of extracurricular sports activities every day.
——Student is strictly forbidden to bring mobile phones, tablets and other electronic products into the classroom
The program requires schools to prohibit students from using personal mobile phones, tablets, etc. Electronic products are brought into the classroom, and they must be kept in the same place. School education uses electronic products reasonably according to the principle of on-demand. Teaching and layout operations do not rely on electronic products. In principle, the use of electronic products for teaching does not exceed 30% of the total teaching time. In principle, paperwork is used.
These guarantees must keep up !
——Textbooks, test papers, etc. should protect the visual acuity by the end of the year.
According to the program, the National Health and Health Commission Before the end of 2019, it is necessary to issue relevant mandatory standards with relevant departments, and strictly regulate the textbooks, teaching aids, test papers, homework books, newspapers and other printed matter, publications, and other fonts, papers, and learning lamps for children and adolescents. To help protect vision.
——Controlling the total amount of online games to control the number of online games online operations
According to the plan, the National Press and Publication Administration should implement the total regulation of online games. Control the number of new online games online operations, explore the age-appropriate reminder system in line with national conditions, and take measures to limit the use time of minors.
In addition, the State Administration of Market Supervision should strictly supervise the optometry industry, standardize the spectacle lens market, and prevent unqualified spectacle lenses from entering the market. Strengthen advertising supervision, and investigate and punish false and illegal myopia prevention and control products.
——Myopia prevention and control, overall myopia and physical health are included in the government performance appraisal
The program requires the State Council to authorize the Ministry of Education and the National Health and Health Commission. The provincial people’s governments signed a letter of responsibility for comprehensively strengthening the prevention and control of children and adolescents’ nearsightedness, and local people’s governments at various levels signed letters of responsibility at a level. Involve children’s and adolescents’ myopia prevention and control work, overall myopia rate and physical health status into government performance appraisal.
Incorporate vision health into quality education, incorporate children’s and adolescents’ physical and mental health and schoolwork burden into the national compulsory education quality monitoring and evaluation system, and comply with the laws and regulations of local governments and schools that have reduced the physical and mental health of children and adolescents for three consecutive years. Be accountable. According to half a month