Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia due to defects in insulin secretion or impaired insulin action, with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Among diabetic patients, the proportion of type 2 diabetes is about 95%. Precautions for diabetic patients
Control diet, eat less meals; avoid foods with high glycemic index such as white sugar, brown sugar, glucose, sugar products, sweets, fructose, honey, etc. Eat less: potatoes, taro, butter, lard, sheep oil, butter, peanuts, melon seeds, animal offal. Eatable: coarse grains (buckwheat, bean, oatmeal, soy products, etc.), bitter gourd.
Under the premise of stable blood sugar control, the correct choice of fresh fruit as a meal or snack will not only cause blood sugar fluctuations, but also help to improve the metabolic disorder of diabetics. (Eating fruit has “three bogey three”: one avoids the staple food is not reduced, the extra fruit; the second bogey eats too much at one time; the three bogey replaces the fresh fruit with juice and dried fruit. The “three Yi” is: fresh fruit Should be diversified, eat together; fruit should be added between meals; should monitor blood sugar after eating fruit)
Diabetes patients should exercise and increase their consumption. Maintain a proper weight, avoid the conversion of fat to glucose, and reduce the burden on the pancreas. So how do sugar friends exercise?
Doctor Recommendation: Once diabetes is diagnosed, a renal function test should be performed at least once a year. The reason why the kidney of the “sugar friend” is easily “injured” is because the kidney is not only responsible for removing the metabolites in the body, but also suffering from the damage to the kidneys during the development of diabetes.
Diabetes patients have three early days of diarrhea
Although chronic kidney disease is insidious, it does not mean that it has no trace. The elderly can develop the habit of taking a look after going to the toilet and observe the color and traits of the urine.
If there is foam in the urine, observe that the foam still does not disappear after being placed for one hour, or the urine is dark after being tired, cold, and getting angry. It is dark brown and soy sauce color. It should be taken to the nephrology department for urine. an examination.
In addition, anemia, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, itchy skin, low back pain, etc. may be signals revealed by chronic kidney disease.
Hypertension and kidney disease can be described as two “difficult brothers.” Kidney disease often causes high blood pressure, such as damage to multiple target organs such as brain and kidney. Therefore, patients with hypertension are also at high risk for kidney disease.
In addition, diabetic nephropathy may occur in diabetic patients, and the longer the course of the disease, the higher the risk, and once it develops into end-stage renal disease, it is often more difficult to control.
The two populations should control their blood pressure and blood sugar to the desired range to reduce kidney damage. Asymptomatic high-risk groups (such as high blood pressure, diabetes, gout, hyperlipidemia), it is best to do at least 1 routine urine test every year.
People with type 1 diabetes should check kidney function after 5 years of illness. However, because type 2 diabetes is not obvious, blood sugar may have increased for many years. Once you get sick, you should check your kidney function immediately. Check at least once a year in the future.
As the saying goes, “three-point treatment depends on treatment, and seven points depend on raising.” Chronic kidney disease is no exception.
How do you do this “seven points”?
The first step is to ensure a reasonable diet. Promoting a high-quality, low-protein diet, it is generally recommended that the protein intake be 0.6 grams per kilogram of body weight. It is recommended that half of them be high-quality protein, that is, animal protein rich in amino acids, especially eggs and milk.
The intake of sodium salt is limited to 2~3g/d, while fasting preserved foods; limiting foods with higher phosphorus content such as soda, yeast, animal offal, dried beans, nuts; When the blood potassium level is high, less salty fruits with high potassium ion content, such as seaweed, winter bamboo shoots, spinach, coffee, strong tea, chicken essence, etc., should be used.
Patients with significant edema must limit their daily fluid intake. Usually, the amount of liquid ingested orally is approximately equal to the total daily urine output plus 500 ml.
Be sure to keep exercising and keep a good habit. Prevention of overwork, early diabetic nephropathy exercise is not very limited, but a large number of intense exercise in the end stage should be avoided, because at this time often combined with cardiovascular disease, the risk of strenuous exercise is higher.